Stock number: 18854Zoom Image
Pierre Du Val (biography)
Carte Universelle Du Commerce, c'est a dire Carte Hidrographique
36.5 x 53.0 cms
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Third and final state of 1686. The map is important for showing the commercial trade routes of the day, in particular to the East and West Indies, as well as the routes of the annual Manila fleet across the Pacific from Acapulco to Manila and back, connecting the Spanish colonies of New Spain and the Philippines. The map is of special interest for the peculiar depiction of Australia.
"This plane projection of the world by Pierre du Val shows the principal trading routes across the oceans, particularly those to and from the East and West Indies.
Significantly, Du Val has shown the northern route to India and the East Indies as used by French and English ships rather than the southern route across the Indian Ocean and then northwards preferred by Dutch seamen.
Du Val's map carries minimal decoration and, as its title implies, was probably intended to be used for commercial purposes. It later appeared in Du Val's Cartes de Géographie in its second state dated 1677 in the title, and there was a third state dated 1686."
Pierre Du Val was one of the most influential French mapmakers of the third quarter of the seventeenth century. He was the son-in-law and apprentice of Nicolas Sanson, the foremost French mapmaker of the period. From 1650, he was the official royal Geographer to the King of France Louis XIV, who had encouraged him to move to Paris. He published a wide range of atlases, individual maps of the world and the continents, as well as wall maps. His work was of great significance.