Leen Helmink Antique Maps & Atlases

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Spilbergen
Tijpus Freti Magellanici; quod ...


Certificate of Authentication


This is to certify that the item illustrated and described below is a genuine antique
map, print or book that was first produced and published in 1619, today 405 years ago.
April 15, 2024

Dr Leendert Helmink, Ph.D.
Cartographer(s)

Spilbergen

First Published

Leiden, 1619

This edition

Size

15.0 x 43.2 cms

Technique

Copper engraving

Stock number

19281

Condition

excellent

Antique map of the Straits of Magellan by Spilbergen
Antique map of the Straits of Magellan by Spilbergen

Description


A very decorative map showing Joris van Spilbergen's fleet navigating Magellan's Strait in 1615, illustrating his adventures there.

South is at the top of this "upside down" map, i.e. Spilbergen enter the Strait from the Atlantic Ocean on the left and exits it into the Pacific Ocean on the right, navigating it in less than a month, faster than every circumnavigator before him.

The map shows several encounters of the Dutch and the Patagonians, and has an early depiction of a penguin.

A mutiny broke out on one of his ships (the Meeuw), which had given trouble already several times earlier in the voyage and the ship departed the fleet, which can be seen fleeing on the left return to Patria.

The map was issued in 1619 in Spilbergen's rare Journal of the voyage, published in combination with the Journal of Jacob LeMaire's voyage of 1615-17 that discovered Strait Lemaire and Cape Horn, an alternative a route that avoided the Strait.

Oost ende West-Indische Spiegel der 2 leste navigatien ghedaen inden jaehren 1614. 15. 16. 17. ende 18, daer in vertoont woort in wat gestalt Ioris van Speilbergen door de Magellanes de werelt rontom geseylt heeft ... Met de Australische navigatien, van Iacob le Maire, etc.

[ The East and West Indian mirror, being an account of Joris van Spilbergen's voyage round the world (1614-1617), and the Australian navigations of Jacob Le Maire ]

The index numbers on the map are explained in the accompanying text of Spilbergen's Journal, which translates as follows

Number 3 is the Map of Magellanes Strait

As it was navigated by Admiral Joris Spilberghen and his fleet. Here follows the explanation thereof, indicated by A, B, C : —

A. Is one of our ships that was mastered through the treason of some sailors, and finally made off with.

B. Are the five other ships successfully sailing into the Strait.

C. Is a human being who often made his appearance on the south side.

D. Shows how the savages surprise our fellows with clubs, and kill them.

E. Are a number of savages who came to us on the beach, and spoke with some of our men in a strange tongue.

F. Shows how the savages were treated to Spanish wine and were given other things, they giving signs that these pleased and were acceptable to them.

G. Are some red berries of very good flavour that grow there in abundance.

H. Is a penguin, which are to be seen in great numbers there.

I. Are some sailors shooting birds on land.

K. Is the shape of their canoys , or skiffs.

(English translation of Spilbergen's Journal by the Hakluyt Society, London 1906)

Condition

A strong and even imprint of the copperplate. Minor original printer's crease to the right of the centerfold. Ample margins all around. Overall a near pristine example of a rare collector's item.



Joris-van-Spilbergen (1568-1620)


Joris van Spilbergen (1568, Antwerp – 1620, Bergen op Zoom) was a Dutch naval officer.

His first major expedition was in 1596, when he sailed to Africa.

In 1601 he left for Asia, in command of the fleet of the company of Balthazar de Moucheron (a trading company before the establishment of the VOC). Spilbergen met the king of Kandy (Sri Lanka) Vimala Dharma Suriya in 1602, and discussed the possibility of trade in cinnamon.

In 1607, Spilbergen was with Jacob van Heemskerk at the Battle of Gibraltar.

From 1614 to 1617 he circumnavigated the world, sailing through the Strait of Magellan with an expedition of five ships. He raided Spanish settlements on the coasts of Mexico and South America. He fought the Spanish at Callao, Acapulco and Navidad. He captured the pearl fishing ship San Francisco at Zacatula. He then sailed across the Pacific Ocean to the Mariana Islands, the Philippine Islands and eventually to Ternate in the Moluccas Islands in March 1616. He returned to the Dutch Republic in 1617, sailing westwards.

He died a poor man in Bergen op Zoom in 1620.

(Wikipedia)

The voyage to South America and around the world of Joris van Spilbergen 1614-1617

In the early 1600s, the new established VOC had the Dutch monopoly for all trade in Asia. The company experienced stiff competition from the Spanish and Portuguese, with which the Dutch Republic was at war. Despite the Twelve Year Truce (1609-1621) armed conflicts in the states’ colonial possessions continued. In this light, the VOC sent out an expedition under Joris van Spilbergen in 1614. Its objective was to sail through the Strait of Magellan in South America and then to sail along the Southern American and Central American coast to harass Spanish holdings there and to capture ships carrying Spanish or Portuguese goods.

The expedition first sailed sailed to the Cape Verde islands and via the western coast of Africa it reached Brazil. Van Spilbergen tried to acquire supplies at São Vicente, but was refused by the local governor. Some illicit trade with local Portuguese took place, but Van Spilbergen became suspicious that he was being held up for a potential attack on his ships. He seized a Portuguese vessel, but attempts to negotiate his prisoners for supplies failed. He released the prisoners and sailed on. The expedition stayed at Porto Desire for a few weeks and then tried to enter the Strait of Magellan. Several ships however, struggled to enter the Strait. Here, a mutiny broke out on the Meeuw, which had given trouble already several times earlier in the voyage and the ship was eventually lost and departed the fleet.

In May 1615 the expedition reached the Pacific Ocean and sailed up the Chilean coast. Van Spilbergen hoped to capture Spanish ships carrying valuable cargo. At La Mocha, friendly trade was accomplished with the locals. At nearby Santa Maria, hostilities broke out and the Dutch razed and plundered the island. Van Spilbergen continued further north to Valparaiso and Arica, without achieving much. In mid-July a Spanish fleet under Da Mendoza, sent to intercept Van Spilbergen, found the Dutch ships and a night time battle broke out. Van Spilbergen’s fleet fought off the Spanish attack and after two days of fighting several Spanish ships were destroyed and the rest fled.

Van Spilbergen then continued sailing further north, but failed to capture any ships carrying Spanish silver. The fleet raided and destroyed the town of Payta in modern-day Peru. Further north, they exchanged prisoners for supplies at Acapulco in Mexico in October. Soon after, the expedition turned west to cross the Pacific. The fleet reached the Philippines in February 1616. After hearing that a large Spanish fleet was on its way to the Moluccas, he decided to pursue them. It later turned out that the Spanish armada was headed to Malacca instead. At the end of March Van Spilbergen reached Ternate, where some of the ships and Van Spilbergen assisted the commander Laurens Reaal in an expedition against the English. In July, Van Spilbergen decided to depart for Java, from where he sailed to the Netherlands. He arrived home on 1 July 1617.

(Atlas of Mutual Heritage)