Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg
1572 or later
33.6 x 46.8 cms
The earliest obtainable printed views of Goa and Diu, the two major Portuguese strongholds in India. Goa was also the seat of the Portuguese Viceroy and the Bishop. Two small views of Anfa and Azimur in Africa have been included in the same print.
In 1572 Frans Hogenberg, who engraved maps for Ortelius, together with another noted engraver of the time, Georg Hoefnagel, compiled and issued in Cologne a City Atlas intended as a companion work to Ortelius' "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum". Entitled "Civitatis Orbis Terrarum" and edited by Georg Braun, the six volumes of this famous work were issued between the years 1572 and 1618 and contained in all more than 500 city plans and views.
The atlas provides a fascinating sixteenth-century picture of the principal cities and towns in Europe, Asia, Africa and even America and records details of public buildings, heraldic devices and rural and domestic scenes, besides many street names.
Towns are usually shown in bird's-eye view, set in picturesque and romantic backgrounds with figures of inhabitants in local dress placed boldly in the foreground.
Although some of the city views had been included in earlier works like Munster's Cosmographia, in most instances they were the first views to appear in print.
The Braun and Hogenberg plates eventually passed to Jan Jansson who reissued the plans in Amsterdam in 1657, having removed the costumed figures which, of course, by this time were no longer of contemporary interest.
(Moreland and Bannister)