Stock number: 18732Zoom Image
Jodocus Hondius the Younger (biography)
Typus Orbis Terrarum
1630 first edition
26.0 x 19.0 cms
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Medium-size map of the world from the 1630 French Cloppenburg edition of the Atlas Minor made by Jodocus Hondius. A reduced version of his legendary 1624 folio size map of the world, which was the first map to show any of the Dutch discoveries of Australia. Rare first edition.
The two hemispheres are surrounded by allegoric representations of the four elements, a popular motif in Dutch graphic art. It expresses the need of mankind to establish order in the world. Dating back to ancient Greek science and philosophy, the four classical elements were considered to form the structure of the universe. A relation was assumed between the four elements and the seasons. Spring corresponded to Air, Summer to Fire, Autumn to Earth and Winter to Water.
Center top are the Temptation and the Expulsion of Adam and Eve from the Garden of Eden. Center bottom is the Last Judgement.
Together the decorations depict a cosmic order in which everything is related in one global harmony.
"This map is part of the French Cloppenburg edition of the "Atlas Minor" of 1630. While in the other editions of this atlas the idea of a great unknown south-land traversing both hemispheres is retained, the French and Latin edition show a quite different picture of the world. The unknown southern continent has disappeared altogether and south of Java the west-coast of Java emerges, here named T lant van Eendracht."
MERCATOR'S ATLAS BY JAN EVERTSZ. CLOPPENBURCH
The edition of Mercator's Atlas published by Jan Evertsz. Cloppenburch was a competitive edition. Its newly engraved maps were of a size (c. 19 x 25 cm) that fell in between the folio maps in the Mercator-Hondius Atlas (c. 35 x 50 cm) and the Atlas Minor (c. 15 x 20 cm). Most of the maps were engraved (anew) by Pieter van den Keere.
On 30 March 1630, an advertisement was placed in Jan van Hilten's Courante uyt Italien ende Duytschlandt, &c.: “Ian E. Cloppenburgh sal uytgeven een nieuwe Atlas, G. Mercatoris in 't Fransch, wesende alle nieuwe Caerten, ende is vermeerdert met een Appendix van nieuwe Caerten ende Beschrijvinge die voor desen in gheen andere gheweest zijn.” [= Jan E. Cloppenburch will publish a new atlas of G. Mercator in the French language, being all new maps and enlarged with an appendix of new maps and descriptions never seen before]. On 24 April 1632, the Latin edition was advertised in the same newspaper.
Cloppenburch's Atlas is dedicated to the States General of the United Provinces and Prince Frederik Hendrik of Orange (1584-1647), stadhouder of Holland etc. The Cloppenburch edition was continued for a couple of years but seems to have been suppressed after 1636. It was continued after 1673 by the Janssonius heirs.
(van der Krogt).
"Jodocus Hondius the Elder, one of the most notable engravers of his time, is known for his work in association with many of the cartographers and publishers prominent at the end of the sixteenth and the beginning of the seventeenth century.
A native of Flanders, he grew up in Ghent, apprenticed as an instrument and globe maker and map engraver. In 1584, to escape the religious troubles sweeping the Low Countries at that time, he fled to London where he spent some years before finally settling in Amsterdam about 1593. In the London period he came into contact with the leading scientists and geographers of the day and engraved maps in The Mariner's Mirrour, the English edition of Waghenaer's Sea Atlas, as well as others with Pieter van den Keere, his brother-in-law. No doubt his temporary exile in London stood him in good stead, earning him an international reputation, for it could have been no accident that Speed chose Hondius to engrave the plates for the maps in The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine in the years between 1605 and 1610.
In 1604 Hondius bought the plates of Mercator's Atlas which, in spite of its excellence, had not competed successfully with the continuing demand for the Ortelius Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. To meet this competition Hondius added about 40 maps to Mercator's original number and from 1606 published enlarged editions in many languages, still under Mercator's name but with his own name as publisher. These atlases have become known as the Mercator/ Hondius series. The following year the maps were reengraved in miniature form and issued as a pocket Atlas Minor.
After the death of Jodocus Hondius the Elder in 1612, work on the two atlases, folio and miniature, was carried on by his widow and sons, Jodocus II and Henricus, and eventually in conjunction with Jan Jansson in Amsterdam. In all, from 1606 onwards, nearly 50 editions with increasing numbers of maps with texts in the main European languages were printed."
(Moreland and Bannister)